ICPD Index Report

ICPD Index Report

Oppsummering til ICPD Beyond 2014 review

Tidligere i august ble FNs generalsekretærs ICPD Index Report – Recurrent themes and key elements identified during the sessions of the Commission on Population and Development – lansert. Dette er generalsekretærens kommentar og oppsummering til ICPD Beyond 2014 review, lands uttalelser ved befolkningskommisjonen 2014, samt de regionale konsultasjonene.

IPPF (International Planned Parenthood Federation) har sett på rapporten og trekker frem følgende:

Drawing from previous Commission on Population and Development (CPD) resolutions and country statements from CPD 47, the ICPD Recurrent themes report offers much to celebrate, including:

  • Recognition of a human rights approach to population and development, without discrimination, particularly for vulnerable groups
  • Strong recognition of SRHR, particularly the call for individuals to have a right to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters relating to their sexuality
  • Calls to invest in human and financial resources to eliminate maternal deaths resulting from unsafe abortion
  • Recognition of the rights of people of diverse sexual orientation or gender identity
  • Recognition of sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights, including access to modern contraception and voluntary family planning, as a key component to poverty elimination, achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women
  • Acknowledgement of access to youth- friendly services and information, removing barriers to access services for the unmarried
  • Recognition of comprehensive sexuality education, and the fact that it enables young people to make healthy choices and ultimately fulfil their potential
  • Commitment to gender equality, including preserving the dignity and rights of women and girls by eradicating GBV and all harmful practices, including child, early and forced marriages, and commitment to keeping girls in school
  • Calls to removal of all legal, social and policy barriers for key populations at higher risk of HIV and to integrate HIV services with SRH services
  • Recognition of the strategic importance of civil society

Although comprehensive, the ICPD Recurrent themes report does not represent all of the gains made at the regional level in the ICPD Beyond 2014 review process. It falls short of recognising some of the advances made in the Regional Population and Development Conference Resolutions and in the ICPD Beyond 2014 Global Report. The omissions include:

  • Lack of calls for the decriminalisation abortion and to end imprisonment for such acts
  • Lack of recognition of the Regional Population and Development Conference Resolutions status as regional plans for the future implementation of the PoA, as agreed in CPD 47
  • An overemphasis on data collection with little attention to using the data to scrutinise decision makers and hold them accountable for the delivery of the PoA
  • Omission of commodity security as key to service delivery

Gjennomgående i rapporten er fokus på tusenårsmål 5b – universell adgang til reproduktiv helsetjenester – og gjenstående problem og nye utfordringer, til tross for stor fremgang. Fremtiden for handlingsprogrammet fra ICPD, både med tanke på finansiering og implementering, avhenger av post-2015 og det nye rammeverket for bærekraftig utvikling. Sex og Politikk følger disse prosessene nøye og jobber nasjonalt og internasjonalt, også via nettverk, for å sikre at seksuell og reproduktiv helse og rettigheter får en sentral plass i de nye bærekraftige utviklingsmålene.